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Xanthos Letoon

Brief Description

This site, which was the capital of Lycia, illustrates the blending of Lycian traditions and Hellenic influence, especially in its funerary art. The epigraphic inscriptions are crucial for our understanding of the history of the Lycian people and their Indo-European language.

Lycian Monumental Tobstone
 
The remains of the ancient federation of Lycia, which encompassed some 19 independent cities, can be seen throughout the south-western corner of Turkey. Most prominent are their tombs, especially the rock tombs, often cut high into cliff faces, and representing a house for the dead. Xanthos, which is situated close to the village of Kinik between Fethiye and Kalkan, became the capital of Lycia during the 2nd century BC. It is an impressive site containing some excellent examples of Lycian tombs. It was here that a pillar inscribed in both Greek and Lycian was found, which enabled the Lycian language to be understood. Letoon is approximately 4kms from Xanthos and was the Lycian religious centre, where the temples of Leto, Apollo and Artemis were situated. It is now partially flooded.

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